The word “periodontal” literally means to “around the tooth”. Gum and bones that support the teeth can be subject to periodontal disease. Plaque is a fine and sticky film of food and bacteria that forms on the teeth and if the plaque is not removed, it can turn into calculus, also called tartar. When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gum and bone.Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. Nearly eighty percent of people suffer from periodontal disease and are not aware of it. Most people do not know that they have periodontal disease because it is painless in the early stages. Periodontal disease is a major reason for tooth loss. Research shows that there may be a strong connection between periodontal issues and other health problems, such as stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and increased risk during pregnancy. Researchers are trying to determine for certain if inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease can contribute to systematic diseases and conditions. Smoking increases the risk of periodontal diseases as well.
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, physical exercise and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal diseases.The following are some signs and symptoms of periodontal diseases:
Bleeding gums – Healthy gums should never bleed, even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss.
Loose teeth – Can caused by bone loss or weak periodontal fibers.
New spacing between teeth – Can be caused by bone loss.
Persistent bad breath – can be a sign that there is an infection present.
Pus around the teeth and gums – possible sign that there is an infection present.
Receding gums – loss of gums around the teeth can indicate periodontal disease.
Red and puffy gums – gums should never be red or swollen. If they are, it usually means there is a periodontal problem.
Tenderness or Discomfort – plaque, calculus, and bacteria can irritate the gums and teeth, causing periodontal disease.